We’re entering a new climate action era in the United States. Sustainable Museums is stepping into that era with a grateful bow to some of the colleagues and partnerships that molded cultural sector climate action these last three years.
In 2017, on June 1, when former President Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement, it seemed to me that those who cared about this work would keep doing it anyway. I called colleagues and clients to ask if they felt #MuseumsforParis was something they could get behind. They said yes. Once my first ten calls identified ten supporters, I knew I needed more heft: more expertise and reach than my one-woman-under-the-avocado-tree “office” then offered me.
Just days later on June 5th, We Are Still In (WASI) burst on the scene as a coalition of what I would come to know as “non-state actors”: the everyone-but-the-feds group that cared about this work and were going to keep doing it anyway. I was thrilled. The companies, the city and state governments, and higher education had come together in a fascinating way: it was integrated design for action, not for a single project or product. It seemed a near-perfect strategy. All it was missing was a place for cultural institutions.
In March 2018, Henry McGhie, now of Curating Tomorrow, organized a turning-point moment, the International Symposium on Climate Change and Museums. That’s where many museum and preservation folks from around the world met in person for the first time. We forged international connections that continue to thrive. Who knew there were so many working so completely on the role of culture in climate action: Australia, England, Scotland, US, Canada, Italy, Germany, Norway, the Netherlands…?
And then suddenly it was October and many of us were convening at the Global Climate Action Summit. There were forty or more global cultural heritage institutions meeting over two days as Andrew Potts and Julianne Polanco hosted the Climate Heritage Network planning meeting, building an international network aligned with ICOMOS. And about 200 of the 2800 signatories to We Are Still In were gathering as well. The purpose was to plan how WASI would build strength and enable climate action in the face of unrelenting dismantling of climate work by the national leadership. About 10 of the WASI participants were cultural institutions, including Monterey Bay Aquarium, Vizcaya Museum & Gardens, The Field Museum, and California Academy of Sciences.
During the 2018 WASI and Climate Heritage Network meetings I came to fully realize the power of cross-sector, multi-lateral work, and the potency of alliances based on shared values and profiting from varied skills and resources.
2019 saw a big green push at ICOM in Kyoto, cultural institutions participating in Climate Week NYC, and a convergence of international friends and allies at the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties 25 in Madrid. Allied efforts with Climate Heritage Network and Curating Tomorrow meant that those of us working nationally and internationally on museums, the arts, and cultural heritage in support of climate action could leverage each other for greater and broader impact.
Internationally, WASI was committed to ensuring the World knew the US was still working towards the goals of the Paris Agreement, and that no nation should step away from the responsibility. WASI participation at the COP was a demonstration of that commitment. People from around the world frequently thanked We Are Still In representatives for staying the course. There was a hunger to see the country return to this global effort.
In the US, in 2020, there were now 87 cultural sector signatories to We Are Still In. The general understanding of our sector’s role in this work was broadening but uptake was blocked by the growing pandemic. During COVID, our work focused on building internal capacities and initiative resilience. After momentarily pausing our efforts for fear of sounding tone-deaf, as Elan Strait said, we began to realize that the converging crises of climate change, health, economics and equity increased the need for action that built a more stable, healthy world for all – climate action.
We focused on our own relationships and on supporting community resilience. Sustainable Museums coordinated the sector’s letter to Congress for recovery funds that focused on multi-sector support. We strengthened muscles and developed expertise as we waited for an environment allowing us to do more. With the election of President Biden and Vice-President Harris, we knew change is coming. We Are Still In prepared to be all-in alongside the federal government.
Now, with an international climate envoy in John Kerry, and a domestic climate leader in Gina McCarthy, we, of this movement, are poised to support global and domestic advances across every sector. The people who care about this work have kept it up, converging from all sectors to support each other and drive climate action.
Every moment since beginning my work with We Are Still In, I have been proud of, and thrilled and encouraged by, the talent, selflessness, experience, and commitment of the WASI executive committee and Secretariat. These include the leadership from World Wildlife Fund deployed to We Are Still In (Elan Strait, Kevin Taylor, Ryan Finnegan, now also Tansy-Massey Green and Hannah Greenfelder); my sector lead colleagues in higher education (Tim Carter), organizers of mayors and governors (Brent Thorington and James Ritchotte, and the team at US Climate Alliance); and the representatives of Climate Nexus (Alison Fajans-Turner and Emma Hutchinson) and America’s Pledge (Carla Frisch and Nate Hultman). There are many more to name here who have committed their time, expertise, knowledge, and relationships, to build a safer, healthier, more just future for us all through climate action. Their capacity to learn, adapt, and counsel themselves and each other continuously reminds me that we are truly able to advance climate action, and that more of us will soon be able to step up, too.
With the call for signatories to the letter for America is All In, now 96 cultural institutions have signed on. (You can sign on here.) As We Are Still In adapts yet again to opportunity and need, cultural institutions will support the dual responsibilities of domestic and international examples and allies for climate action. The sector and Sustainable Museums are all in. Sustainable Museums will be proudly continuing to promote the sector’s work.
You can expect
new calls to, and resources for, measuring and monitoring action so that we are transparent and accountable, and provide ample examples for others
a focus on city-based and state-based cooperative approaches to climate action that benefit all entities
research that advances professional practice on energy, collections care, and public interactions to scale change within the sector, and
a relentless pursuit of access to funds, talent and resources that help the sector prioritize climate action.
This work must and will move ahead in ways that are mission-driven and science-based, that support community equity, and that build accountability to the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement commitments.
Note: This information shared during a joint webinar by Sustainable Museums and America’s Pledge on May 12, 2020. If you would like to watch a recording, you can do so here.
At a time when good news is hard to find, cultural institutions across the country have been leading by example, coming to the aid of their neighbors and cementing their status as valued and trusted community members. Even as they were forced to close their doors to visitors, institutions have not only taken their enriching educational resources online, but many have used their unique resources to offer solutions to the ongoing and unprecedented pandemic, such as providing PPE, 3D printing facemasks, converting empty parking lots to test sites, opening food banks, and turning ornamental beds into food bank Victory Gardens. They have taken to heart the American Alliance of Museums’ Code of Ethics, which states that “public service is paramount.”
This ethic applies not just to cultural institutions’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but also to the simultaneous crisis of climate change. Driven by the urgency of the science, the country’s museums, botanic gardens, heritage centers, zoos, and aquariums alike are leading in this space as well. In fact, over 80 cultural institutions have signed on to We Are Still In, the group of U.S. cities, states, tribes, businesses, faith groups, and other subnational organizations working to uphold the Paris climate agreement. And combined, the actions of this coalition, made up of more than 3,900 entities, add up to globally significant impact.
In fact, the latest analysis from America’s Pledge found that these subnational actors – who together represent nearly 70 percent of U.S. GDP, nearly two-thirds of the U.S. population, and over half of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions – have the potential to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by 37 percent over the next decade compared to 2005 levels, even without additional support from the federal government.
The same America’s Pledge analysis found that when this subnational action is combined with ambitious federal policies, the U.S. has the potential to reduce emissions by nearly half by 2030. After all, bottom-up climate action from cities, states, businesses, cultural institutions, and others can be mutually reinforcing with top-down federal action. This level of emissions reduction is in line with a net-zero emissions trajectory by mid-century, which supports the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement – namely, limiting global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius, with best efforts to keep that rise below 1.5 degrees.
Source: America’s Pledge
That is quite an ambitious pathway which undoubtedly requires significant action and engagement from sectors and geographies across the U.S., but the good news is that we are already well on our way. In fact, the actions required to realize this level of emissions reduction can be organized around a simple three principle framework, and perhaps most excitingly, cultural institutions have active projects in each.
Source: America’s Pledge
Principle 1: Accelerate Toward 100% Clean Electricity and Other Energy Supplies
Over the past decade, the U.S. electricity system has become significantly cleaner. From 2005 to 2017, the system, while generating more electricity overall, decreased the carbon dioxide emissions associated with electricity generation by 28 percent through burning less coal and oil and using more natural gas, renewable energy, and energy efficient processes. And a pathway to continued progress in renewable electricity deployment, with lower electricity costs, has already been established as commercially and technically viable. The private, public, and philanthropic sectors have propelled significant progress in decreasing the power sector’s carbon intensity through policy and investment.
Courtesy, Manoa Heritage Center
For example, the Manoa Heritage Center in Honolulu, Hawaii (above), has installed its own microgrid, including solar panels and on-site battery storage, to reduce emissions and save money. When the system generates more than the site can store and use, the extra goes back to Hawai’i Electric Company for others to use. The solar panels’ output shows up on displays in the education center with a live feed. That’s accountability. The solar field at Longwood Gardens in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania produces 30% of their annual needs: 2OOO MWh. Their public dashboard provides accountability as well. But we don’t all have open space, so an urban museum such as the Science Museum of Minnesota subscribes to a solar garden, which is a PV version of a community garden. This way they generate some of the electricity the museum has not quite been able to engineer out of its operations. The The Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History has even tucked an array into available space on the roof’s edge along the windows, out of public view on this historic structure, but shown here (below, right) from the Anthropology offices.
Phipps Conservatory and Gardens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, invited the public to switch their family’s energy provider to one with renewable sourcing sanctioned by the Phipps. Making the change during a visit gave them free admission and reduced annual membership. Since January 2017, more than 5,000 Phipps guests have switched their household electricity to fossil-free renewable energy. At the end of each year, these households will have prevented 37,000 tons of CO2 emissions. This is equivalent to annually saving 77,712 barrels of oil from being burned, or 83,289,910 miles from being driven in an average passenger car. It has been their most successful membership recruitment program to date.
Whatever your size or budget, there are clean energy options available to every cultural institution. Leaders in this space should consider which options make the most sense for their operations – whether on-site generation projects or power purchase agreements – and pursue them in earnest with the goal of sourcing all their electricity from renewable sources by 2030.
Principle 2: Decarbonize End-Uses Like Buildings, Transportation, and Industry
Just as important as addressing emissions from electricity generation is addressing emissions from buildings and transportation. The approach here is primarily through efficiency and electrification, the former looking at how to reduce energy use overall, and the latter involving replacing fossil-fueled end-uses with efficient, electrically powered technologies “fueled” with increasingly low-carbon electricity.
You are probably most familiar with this work in buildings.A great example is the Science Museum of Minnesota in St. Paul. To showcase sustainability in building operations, the museum implemented added two heat recovery chillers to use excess heat energy (generated by operating the HVAC system) inside the building instead of exhausting it outside the building as a by-product. With the heat recovery system in place to reuse waste energy, and the solar garden share, described earlier, contributing 1/3 of their energy needs, the museum has reduced energy costs by $315,000 annually and paid itself back for first costs in a bit over three years. A strong, ongoing partnership with local utility, Xcel Energy, and a creative leadership team, made this achievable.
There are many examples of museums taking advantage of the combination of energy and lighting company incentives to re-lamp with LEDs, cutting energy use and staff time (for bulb replacement) while protecting collections and showing them off. The same utility mentioned above, Xcel Energy, helped Minneapolis Institute of Art re-lamp its galleries with LEDs. With an energy rebate, and part of a National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Sustaining Cultural Heritage Grant, they paid off the investment in the first year and are now saving about $150,000 a year, which can be reallocated to more beneficial uses, while also reducing their carbon impact. (Note – this NEH program is the only federal program specifically designed to help museum operate in a more sustainable way. Their annual planning and implementation grants are due January 14th.)
The MFA Boston has replaced 70 percent of gallery lights with LEDs to achieve significant efficiencies, too, but their work goes beyond simply lighting. Examining how we condition spaces for collections is critical. A decade ago, the sector, with MFA Boston as a key leader, and working with the International Institute of Conservation (IIC), successfully re-examined its assumed temperature setpoints of 70 degrees +/- 4, and 50 percent RH +/- 2 percent, and recommended science-driven approaches to ranges of appropriate settings for collections management goals. For many institutions, working with a conservator to identify the most appropriate guidelines for their collections and their settings can save significant energy and improve collections care. Universal adoption of these standards is the next important energy conservation work for the cultural sector.
Visitor transportation is another are for example and influence. When the Discovery Museum, Massachusetts, conducted its greenhouse gas inventory as it plotted a path to zero carbon, the team discovered that scope three emissions from visitors’ vehicles made up the largest share of their carbon impact. This is where our role as community leaders can have a real impact. Though it may feel as if your visitors’ mode of travel is beyond your reach, you can encourage clean options. The Discovery Museum, for example, has designed a solar array to shade their parking lot and offset institutional energy use. They’ll install electric vehicle (EV) charging stations at the same time. Hawai’i’s Manoa Heritage Center and Minneapolis’ American Swedish Institute offer discounts for visitors coming on bikes or foot. Honolulu’s Bishop Museum, Abbe Museum in Maine, and the Peoria Riverfront Museum all have EV charging stations placed preferentially: close by the entrances at museums in Maine and Peoria, and in the shade in Honolulu.
Transportation is another critical area for making change.Many institutions have a staff vehicle, an education van, golf carts for open space areas, or even full fleets. Choosing electric, when it’s time to replace or add vehicles, is a critically important choice. And even if you do not have the final say, you can make a thoughtful case to the purchasing department to consider changing policy.
Principle 3: Enhance Ecosystems
Finally, land use has the potential to address a significant portion of our greenhouse gas emissions. That is, natural systems play a vital role in sequestering carbon, but their status as a carbon sink is not guaranteed because of the country’s changing landscape. This has led to deforestation and fewer natural spaces in general.
Courtesy, Phipps Conservatory and Gardens
Of course, the gardens and zoos contribute significantly here for beneficial land use. The Phipps Conservatory and Gardens goes beyond its own greenery to reclaim land and create buildings and spaces that contribute to this work. The Center for Sustainable Landscapes (CSL) has won awards for the Living Building Challenge, LEED Platinum, WELL Building Platinum, SITES Platinum, and BREEAM Outstanding In-Use. The CSL building and surrounding landscape seen here (below), are built on a former brownfield.
Not all of us will build green-certified buildings or reclaim landscapes, but we can plant trees to shade our properties and cool our landscapes and our communities. Urban tree canopies can sequester significant amounts of carbon-dioxide. Since most of our cultural institutions are in cities, this is where we can make a difference. Historic properties have a leg up here with space availability, but if you don’t have space, you can still encourage tree planting in your community.
In Tacoma, Washington, there is a nonprofit using trees as tools for building community. Tacoma Tree Foundation partners with individuals and institutions to make sure trees thrive in this community. With mapping tools (right), they create a social approach to growing Tacoma green again, helping to make it a cool city, and a healthier city.
In Massachusetts, Tower Hill Botanical Gardens adopted the City of Worcester’s Tree Initiative to support the work to reestablish an urban canopy decimated by Asian Longhorn Beetles. The Initiative planted 30,000 trees in Worcester and surrounding towns in October of 2014, then Tower Hill adopted the program, “replacing, pruning, planting and watering community trees, forming the Stewards in the Streets program, and acting as community agents driving tree planting and care initiatives.” Like the Tacoma Tree Foundation, the goal is to plant trees where the green spaces are few, and then help residents to care for them.
Every cultural institutions can ensure that any land for which they have responsibility – literally or figuratively – is managed in a way that enhances its ability to absorb and store carbon rather than contribute to further carbon emissions. It benefits your institution and your community.
What’s Can Your Institution Do?
Hopefully, this post and accompanying webinar have provided some ideas of actions that you can take immediately, as well as how you might communicate them to your community. It may have also spurred some ideas around how you can better engage with your community around climate. That is, not only can cultural institutions educate the public about their actions, motivations, and impact across all three principles, but they can also educate the public about climate and the actions anyone can take. As one of the most trusted organizations in the U.S., cultural institutions have an important role to play in educating their communities about the science behind climate change and most importantly, actions they can take to mitigate the worst impacts of the climate crisis.
In addition to the projects mentioned throughout, we also encourage you to consider becoming a We Are Still In signatory, if you’re not already. It’s free to sign on, and it opens the door to conscious cooperative climate action. Sustainable Museums can help get you started.
Lastly, you can also work with local and state offices to advance climate action in your area. And in fact, you can contact Sustainable Museums to make your voice heard at the federal level as the country figures out how to recover from COVID-19 and build back better. Just reach out to Sarah@sustainablemuseums.net.
Note: This information shared during a joint webinar by Sustainable Museums and America’s Pledge on May 12, 2020. If you would like to watch a recording, you can do so here.
About America’s Pledge
In the wake of PresidentTrump’s initial announcement that he planned to pull the U.S. out of the Paris Agreement in June 2017, an unprecedented number of U.S. cities, states, businesses, and universities reaffirmed their commitment to help America reach its Paris climate goals. Whether through declarations like We Are Still In or new pledges and commitments of their own, these bottom-up actors are maintaining U.S. momentum on climate action in the absence of federal leadership. In July 2017, former New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and former California Governor Edmund G. Brown launched America’s Pledge, an initiative to aggregate and quantify the actions by U.S. states, cities, businesses, and other non-federal actors to drive down their greenhouse gas emissions consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement. Since its launch, America’s Pledge has published annual assessments of non-federal action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions based on a unique methodological approach developed by climate researchers and policy experts. To learn more about America’s Pledge, please visitwww.americaspledge.com
About Sustainable Museums
Museums, and their cultural peers, have the physical and intellectual resources, abilities, creativity, freedom, and authority to foster the changes the World needs most. Sustainable Museums creates connections among leaders and innovators, providing intellectual and strategic support as cultural institutions plan to thrive as they create those changes the World needs. In 2018, We Are Still In added the cultural sector to its growing coalition, with Sarah Sutton and Sustainable Museums as the lead for the sector.
If the headlines appear to us as a maelstrom of disparate troubles, then we are missing the broader narrative: our efforts to control the present are distractions from the need to work with the future. As we complain about others, we are failing to acknowledge a powerful protagonist: we as a engaged citizens.
We complain angrily (as we should) when President Trump targets another nation’s cultural sites, and we grieve (as we should) over the devastation of fires in Australia, but we are howling over present losses while doing so little to prevent future ones. We are shouting at disappointing leaders without empowering better ones to do more.
Those horrific Australian fires are driven by the changing climate we have done so little to mitigate or adapt to. We should be calling for the protection of anyone’s cultural sites, in all ways, and yet we are willing to accept the sure loss of World Heritage sites to rising seas, gnawing storm erosion, and unquenchable fires. By the way, I don’t believe those fires are dodging Australia’s cultural sites, whether Aboriginal or Settler….
Let’s examine that broader narrative: every issue humans now face has a connection to our shared planetary climate – either what we are doing to it or what it is doing to us. Every. Single. Issue. If you are outraged by any of this, then we need you in this story. We need you to create meaningful change rather than contribute to the cacophony.
Oil contributes to an expanding carbon footprint, and is an economic and political underpinning of armed conflict.
Fire and floods are triggered by warming air and water, and by disrupted hydro-cycles; and exacerbated by interference with traditional ecological management, and by over-grazing and over-development.
Drought and extreme heat lead to agricultural failure and productivity loss, human displacement and immigration conflicts, loss of heritage and cultural sites, famine, poverty, documented suicides in Africa and Australia and India, and to other deaths.
Injustice appears in the form of fence line and pipeline exposure to fossil fuel-related pollution affecting primarily disadvantaged and disempowered people, and where individuals in the Global South suffer the impacts of climate change while the nations of polluters continue business as usual.
Biodiversity loss threatens ecosystems on every continent, including those that provide human-oriented food stocks and medicines.
Economies suffer, too. They weaken under climate impacts whether we lose a home to a flood or stock prices to devaluation of sunk costs, when local businesses and industries are destroyed by fire or flood, and when companies go out of business after a supply chain is permanently disrupted.
The ripple effects of sectoral and national impacts in a global financial system will bring climate change into each of our lives at varying scales and increasing measure even if some of us manage to avoid the physical impacts.
Again, if you are outraged by any of this, then we need you in this story. When we look at the stories beyond the individual impacts and actions, and around the edges of the news screen, each of us can find a way to help address the larger problems which the current grieving and shouting do not. But, please recognize that our individual actions truly matter only when each of us contributes to the collective capability and capacity to solve these problems. When we match our individual actions with community ones, we transform our impact from momentarily practical to exponentially enabling.
Let’s look at individuals as protagonists. For example, my energy use reduction matters only when I’ve permanently limited my consumption and purchased or helped implement or publicize the renewable alternatives that produce no carbon and reduce localize environmental impacts. My water use reduction matters only when I regularly limit my shower use and support the water authority’s work to improve processing and delivery systems without disrupting associated ecosystems. My vote matters only when I use it and I’ve publicly given local, regional, and national leaders the support creating the courage to exercise political will to address natural resource management holistically, refuse fossil fuel expansion, and support environmental reparations on regional, national and global scales.
Is one of your present priorities simply getting to classes or work and back? Then green your commute where you can while supporting local efforts to expand bus routes, provide bike parking lanes, and offer free access to weekly commuters. Maybe your concern is maintaining a steady income but you’re in a climate-unfriendly industry. Then become the engaged citizen and ask your local leaders to bring in green jobs, prioritize tax benefits for green industry, and tell them they can count on you to take the re-training they offer. Or is an important concern finding healthy food for your family but money is tight? Then learn from the local Extension service or trusted websites where to best spend your organic dollars, take a class on selecting and preparing fresh food in season, and be the engaged citizen who tells your local store that food which is more-local and less-packaged is what you require – and ask your neighbors to, also.
What I want to howl and shout about is the failure of governments to lead well. At the recent UNFCCC Conference of the Parties in Madrid (COP25), World leaders failed to agree on carbon accounting mechanisms and provide commitments to keep the climate on a track to only 1.5°F warming, chief among them was the United States. They showed us that they lack the political will to lead their countries to ambitious commitments to save us all. We must give them that will.
So, instead of shouting, I do climate work, personally and professionally. To scale my impacts, past DIY laundry detergent and a “clean” clothing commitment, I lead the United States cultural sector – made up of threatened cultural sites, and museums and zoos and gardens and aquariums – as it scales its work toward meaningful climate action. The sector supports the Paris Agreement through We Are Still In, the largest coalition of the Accord’s supporters anywhere in the World. And I cheer on all who lead their institutions, tribes, cities, states, colleges and universities to sign the We Are Still In declaration, helping the courageous and driven members of my sector to take action themselves and partner with others to scale that action.
We cultural professionals and volunteers and supporters cherish the sites, objects, plants and animals that we care for and which are at great risk in this climate. We revel in the ways that individuals and communities can build, create, learn from and care for these tangible beings and things — and the intangibles surrounding them. And, increasingly, we help those individuals and communities take climate action so that what they value can last. We are telling our current and future leaders that we support them when they, too, take bold and confident action to care for this planet and us all. Everyone can.
Last week I attended a cross-sector event highlighting the progress made in Southwest Florida this last year on water systems health and water quality. It was led by the Conservancy of Southwest Florida. President & CEO Rob Moher explained it all perfectly: “This isn’t just for the professionals in the room. This was really designed from the get-go to be a communication opportunity to engage the community…“I think you get a sense this morning from all the speakers that it’s translating and talking about personal agency. What can I do? How can I be part of the solution? There’s no one sector or one agency that’s going to lead this by itself. It’s going to be a together thing.”
The Naples Daily News was the media sponsor and likely a big part of the design and success of the event. It was engaging, thoughtful, had videos, well-moderated panels, scientific presentations, and legislative updates. And Governor Ron Desantis (R) came – how awesome is that? Best of all, it was a positive, hopeful event. They’d had successes and setbacks in the previous year but it was clear that all they’d learned from previous setbacks were contributing to a great shared result by year three of this type of concerted, cooperative effort.
My favorite part was the participation of U.S. Army Corps Lt. Col. Jennifer Reynolds who oversees administration at Lake Okeechobee, a big source of water woes and opportunities. She said “the biggest change she’s seen over the past year concerning water issues is movement away from partisan finger pointing and a shift toward stakeholders pooling their resources and working together. ‘If you’ve eaten food you didn’t grow yourself, you’re part of the problem. If you’ve used the bathroom in the last 24 hours, you’re part of the problem, … If you’ve driven on a road or lived anywhere there’s concrete or shopped in a store, you’re part of the problem. So we’re all part of the problem, but if you’ve voted, if you’ve paid your taxes, if you’ve gone to a public meeting, if you‘ve attended a water summit, you’re part of the solution.'”